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'''GMA Network, Incorporated''' ({{Pse2|GMA7|GMAP}}), a Philippine multi-media conglomerate, is a [[television network]] in the [[Philippines]]. GMA provides news and entertainment programs through its forty-seven fully-owned television relay stations, four affiliate television stations and thirty-four radio stations throughout the Philippines. The network also offers its shows worldwide through [[GMA Pinoy TV]], [[GMA Life TV]] and Internet TV [].
Its headquarters, the GMA Network Center, is located at EDSA corner Timog Ave., Diliman, [[Quezon City]], Philippines. [[Felipe Gozon|Atty. Felipe Gozon]] is its current Chairman and CEO. In Metro Manila, it uses terrestrial [[VHF]] Channel 7 ([[DZBB-TV]]), Channel 11 ([[DZOE-TV]], leased from [[ZOE Broadcasting Network]], operated by [[Q (television network)|Q]]) and terrestrial UHF Channel 27 ([[DZRV-TV]]).
== History ==
=== Origins ===
The origin of GMA can be traced to [[DZBB]] of ''Loreto F. de Hemedes, Inc.''<ref name=Origins>[ GMA Network Corporate Information],</ref> owned by Robert Stewart, an American war correspondent (The company's name was christened after Stewart's wife). The station first went on-air on June 14, 1950 at the fourth floor of the Calvo Building in Escolta, [[City of Manila|Manila]]. It went on to cover events such as [[President of the Philippines|President]] [[Ramon Magsaysay]]'s sudden death, the eruption of Mt. Hibok-Hibok on March 17, 1957 and the various elections in the country. DZBB became the first radio station in the country to use the telephone patch for live interviews.<ref name="ABC">''GMA Gold: Fifty Years of Broadcast History'', Chelo Banal Formoso (ed.), GMA Network.</ref> The station also broadcast the forerunner of today's political satire programs with ''Kwentong Kutsero'' and glued audiences to the amateur radio contest, ''Tawag ng Tanghalan''.<ref name="ABC" /> A decade after the radio station's launch, the Stewarts ventured into television. Using two cameras and a surplus transmitter, [[DZBB-TV|Channel 7]], the Philippines' third television station, started airing on October 29, 1961. While the station's programming were mostly canned shows from the United States, the station did produce local programming like ''Uncle Bob's Lucky Seven Club'', ''Dance Time with Chito'', ''[[Lovingly Yours, Helen]]'' and various news programs. During the establishment of the television station, it was always in the red and was always at a distance from the larger and better funded networks. But it did not stop the company to start broadcasting in [[Cebu province|Cebu]] ([[DYSS-TV]]) in 1963. The company was renamed to ''Republic Broadcasting System'' in 1970.<ref name="Origins"/>
=== GMA Radio-Television Arts ===
[[File:GMA logo 1980.PNG|150px|left|thumb|GMA Radio-Television Arts logo used from 1979 to 1992.]]
On September 21, 1972, then [[President of the Philippines|President]] [[Ferdinand Marcos]] placed the entire Philippines under [[Martial Law]]. Military troops entered radio and television stations and placed them under military control to prevent "communist" propaganda. All media outlets that were critical of the Marcos regime were shut down.
Foreign citizens and corporations were disallowed from owning media outlets in the country. Stewart and the [[American Broadcasting Corporation]], who owned a quarter of the company,<ref name="ABC" /> was forced to cede majority control to a [[triumvirate]] composed of Gilberto Duavit, a [[Malacañang]] official, Menardo Jimenez, and [[Felipe Gozon]] in 1974.<ref name="PinoyTV">''What's the story, Pinoy TV?'', Ellen Joy Anastacio and Janine Natalie Badiola, GMA Network.</ref> Through the acquisition, the station now was able to broadcast in [[color television|color]] with a seven million [[Philippine peso|peso]] credit line. The station also changed its name to ''GMA Radio-Television Arts'' (GMA stood for Greater Manila Area, the station's initial coverage area), although RBS remained its corporate name until 1996. Jimenez sits as president of the company while Gozon served as its chairman.
When [[Benigno Aquino, Jr.|Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr.]], a senator who strongly opposed the Marcos administration, was assassinated on August 21, 1983, it was a small item on television news. The iron grip that the Marcos administration had on television began to slip, as GMA broadcast the funeral, the only local station to do so.<ref name="ABC" /> In 1984, [[Imee Marcos]], daughter of Ferdinand Marcos, attempted to take over GMA.<ref name="ABC" /><ref name="PinoyTV" /> However, the takeover was prevented by GMA executives. Stewart left the Philippines for good as he was utterly disappointed with the Marcos move. GMA was also instrumental during the years preceding the [[1986 EDSA Revolution|People Power Revolution]]. The network was the first to air a television interview with [[Corazon Aquino]] in 1984, and when she later announced that she would run for the presidency if she receives one million signatures.<ref name="ABC" /> In February 1986, the network was also the first to report that [[Fidel Ramos]] and [[Juan Ponce Enrile]] broke away from the Marcos administration.<ref name="ABC" />
When democracy in the Philippines was restored in the People Power Revolution in 1986, television stations began to air, some with their original owners. The political instability of the country also added to the station's burden, when soldiers stormed into the studios for two days in a part of coup attempt to topple then President, Corazon Aquino. In 1987, it opened its high-end live studio, the Broadway Centrum, boosting its local programming, and inaugurated its 777-foot ''Tower of Power'' located along Tandang Sora Avenue, [[Quezon City]], the tallest man-made structure in the country in 1988.
=== The ''Rainbow'' network ===
[[File:GMA RAINBOW.jpg|thumb|right|GMA Network in Rainbow Satellite since April 30,1992]]
International reach became GMA's target in the 1990s, which began when the ''Rainbow Satellite'' launched on April 30, 1992. Through its relay stations, GMA programs were seen across the archipelago and Southeast Asia. GMA programming started airing in 60 American cities and parts of South America through the ''International Channel Network''. GMA was also the official broadcaster of the 1995 [[World Youth Day]], which was the last visit of [[Pope John Paul II]] to the country. During the same year, two popular TV shows, ''[[Eat Bulaga]]'' (from [[Radio Philippines Network|RPN]]) and ''[[Okey Ka Fairy Ko!]]'' (from [[Intercontinental Broadcasting Corporation|IBC]]) began broadcasting on GMA after airing for sometime in [[ABS-CBN]]. At the same time, GMA launched a UHF channel, [[DWDB-TV|Citynet 27]], several new shows (among them were [[Bubble Gang]] and [[Startalk]], now some of the longest-running shows on TV), and the news program, ''[[Saksi]]'' with [[Mike Enriquez]], [[Mel Tiangco]] and [[Jay Sonza]].
In 1996, GMA formally changed its corporate name to ''GMA Network Incorporated'', with GMA now standing for ''Global Media Arts''. [[GMA Films]] was also launched in the same year - its film ''[[José Rizal (film)|José Rizal]]'', which was at the time the most expensive movie production ever in the country (costing over 80 million Pesos to produce), but becoming a huge success with many accolades and award nominations. GMA was the first Philippine broadcaster to receive a [[Peabody Award]] for Investigative Reporting in 1999. Later, Citynet 27 became EMC, the first locally programmed music video channel, later becoming a part of the [[Channel V|Channel [V]]] franchise. Channel [V] Philippines, however, ceased operations due to a conflict of interest between the owners of GMA and [[PLDT]] (which bought a stake in GMA), who operate [[MTV Philippines]] through their subsidiary, the [[Nation Broadcasting Corporation]]. GMA was also the Philippine broadcaster for [[2000 Today]]. At the beginning of the year, Menardo Jimenez announced his retirement as president and CEO and on December 31, 2000, Felipe Gozon assumed the position with his concurrent capacity as chairman. Gilberto Duavit Jr. assumed the post of Chief Operating Officer.
=== The ''Kapuso'' network ===
[[File:Kapuso unveiling.jpg|thumb|left|GMA Network unveil their new corporate logo at the [[GMA Network Center]].]]
On October 27, 2002, during an episode of the network's Sunday afternoon entertainment show ''[[SOP Rules|SOP]]'', GMA officially revealed a new logo and image campaign. The new logo features a rainbow colored heart, the ''Kapuso'', represented by a new slogan "''[[Kapuso ng Pamilyang Pilipino, Anumang Kulay ng Buhay]]''" ("''One in Heart With the Filipino family, In Whatever Colors of Life''").
In [[2003]], ''Saksi'' won the New York Festival Gold Medal for best newscast, the first Philippine newscast to do so. This, and the Peabody Award in [[1999]], earned the network a [[House of Representatives of the Philippines|House of Representatives]] commendation later that year. On September 1 of the same year, GMA Network withdrawn its membership from the ''Kapisanan ng mga Brodkasters ng'' Pilipinas (KBP),<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=KBP to GMA 7: Don't let rulings taint your view |date=September 29, 2003 | |archiveurl= |archivedate=2005-02-10}}</ref> after incidents involving host [[Rosanna Roces]], alleged commercial overloading and interfering when news anchor [[Mike Enriquez]] aired his complaints over his radio program, ''[[Saksi sa Dobol B]]'', against Lopez-owned cable firm [[SkyCable]]'s distortion of GMA's signal on its system, and a lost videotape containing evidence that the cable firm had violated the rule on soliciting ads for cable TV. GMA was also an official TV network of the 4th World Meeting of Families held in Manila, Philippines.
[[File:GMA Network logo.jpeg|thumb|right|Kapuso logo]]
The company’s subsidiary, Citynet Inc., also signed a co-production and blocktime agreement with [[ZOE Broadcasting Network]], allowing the GMA Network with another platform to showcase its programming and talents. In November 11, 2005, ZOE's flagship station, [[DZOE-TV|DZOE-TV Channel 11]], went on the air as ''[[Quality TeleVision]]'' (now known as ''Q''), and broadcasts shows that primarily targets women audiences. Q's news programs share the same resources of [[GMA News and Public Affairs]], while some programs are produced by Citynet, Inc. Also in 2005, GMA won the [[Asian Television Awards]]' Best Terrestrial Television Station, besting MBC of Korea and Mediacorp Channel 5 of Singapore. The network planned to go public, but due to political instability and downward trend of broadcast advertising, it has since been delayed. <ref name ="IPO1">''"GMA Network cancels IPO until "issues" are resolved"''. Television Asia, April 2005. []</ref>
In 2006, ''[[Debate with Mare at Pare]]'', a late-night public affairs program, won the bronze medal in the New York Festival. The network was also praised on its coverage of the ''Wowowee'' (a program of [[ABS-CBN]]) stampede by various local publications. In an exclusive interview, a reprehensive [[Mike Enriquez]] also interviewed embattled Philippine president, [[Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo]] for the first time since the lifting the State of National Emergency, which the network allowed other stations to air without prior consent. At the end of the interview, the President praised the network for its news coverage, hinting that other media outfits to do the same. In April, the founder of the network, Robert "Uncle Bob" Stewart died in the United States. During the Everest climbing season the same year, GMA supported climber [[Romi Garduce]], the third Filipino to reach the summit of [[Mt. Everest]] in only three days. The network is one of the first local companies to produce an iMax film, with the opening of the San Miguel-Coca-Cola [[iMax]] Theater in [[SM Prime Holdings|SM's]] [[SM Mall of Asia|Mall of Asia]].
In 2007, the network announced that it will offer its stocks to the public.<ref name="IPO1">[ ''Miscellaneous Stock Market Newsbits''], Philippine Stock Exchange Website. Accessed April 30, 2007.</ref><ref name="IPO2">[ ''GMA Network to raise up to P7.78B from IPO'', Accessed April 30, 2007.]</ref> After being canceled numerous times and despite the Marcoses claim to the shares held by the Duavit family,<ref name="IPO3">[ ''Marcoses claim a third of GMA Network shares''], Philippine Daily Inquirer. Accessed August 2, 2007.</ref> their [[Initial public offering|IPO]] was finally held on July 30 offering [[Philippine peso|PHP]] 8.50 per share.<ref name="IPO4">[ ''GMA Network IPO priced at P8.50 -- underwriter ''], Philippine Daily Inquirer. Accessed August 2, 2007.</ref> The Network started to produce [[Media franchise|television Franchises]] from other countries when they produced [[Celebrity Duets: Philippine Edition]] with [[FremantleMedia]], one of the largest producers of television franchises in the world based in [[United Kingdom]]. They later produced [[MariMar (Philippine TV series)|MariMar]], [[Zaido: Pulis Pangkalawakan]], [[Kakasa Ka Ba Sa Grade 5?]] and [[Whammy! Push Your Luck]] from various countries. On September 16, 2007, it was announced that the [[Idol series|''Idol'' franchise]], which had previously been used by the [[Associated Broadcasting Company]] to produce ''[[Philippine Idol]]'') would be transferred to GMA under the new name ''[[Pinoy Idol]]'' <ref name=PinoyIdol-gma>{{cite news| first=Nitz| last=Miralles| title=''Pinoy Idol'', tinanggihan nina Ryan at Mr. C| date=October 16, 2007| publisher=Journal Online| url=}}{{languageicon|tl|Tagalog}}</ref>
In 2008, GMA produced a diverse set of shows for its primetime block by airing [[Carlo J. Caparas' Joaquin Bordado]], [[Dyesebel (TV series)|Mars Ravelo's Dyesebel]], [[Babangon Ako't Dudurugin Kita]], [[Gagambino]], [[Codename: Asero]], [[Lalola]], [[Ako si Kim Sam Soon]], [[Survivor Philippines]], [[Family Feud]] [[Saan Darating Ang Umaga?]] and [[Luna Mystika]]. GMA also became the new home of the [[Idol franchise]], with [[Pinoy Idol]] also premiering that summer along with its companion show, [[Pinoy Idol Extra]].{{Fact|date=April 2009}}
In 2009, GMA Network lined up new shows for its primetime like [[Totoy Bato]], [[Zorro]], [[All About Eve]], [[Ang Babaeng Hinugot Sa Aking Tadyang]]. The primetime news program [[24 Oras]] won 2 awards on the New York Festival, a Gold Medal for Best Continuing Coverage and a Silver Medal for Best News Program. The network is also planning to put three [[Sine Novela]] on its Afternoon Drama Block by airing [[Paano Ba Ang Mangarap?]], [[Kaya Kong Abutin Ang Langit]] and [[Muling Buksan Ang Puso]].{{Fact|date=April 2009}}
CEO Felipe Gozon also announced that the network is planning to launch a 24-hour news channel by 2009.<ref>[]</ref>
== Programming ==
{{main|List of programs broadcast by GMA Network}}
GMA Network programs include news and current affairs shows, documentaries, dramas, dubbed foreign serials, entertainment news and talk shows, game shows, variety shows, musicals, sitcoms, children's shows, anime shows, fantasy and reality shows. Most of its shows are broadcasted from the GMA Network Center. The following is the current primetime line-up (7:00-10:30 pm) of its [[DZBB-TV|flagship station]] as of March 23, 2009
{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="2" width="100%"
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|Day
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|7:00
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|7:15
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|7:30
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|7:45
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|8:00
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|8:15
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|8:30
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|8:45
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|9:00
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|9:15
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|9:30
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|9:45
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|10:00
!width="6.5%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|10:15
!width="10%" bgcolor="#C0C0C0"|Sunday
|colspan="4" bgcolor="#FFDAB9" align=center|''[[Power of 10]]''
|colspan="4" bgcolor="#F4A460" align=center|''[[Mel and Joey]]''
|colspan="4" bgcolor="#FFDAB9" align=center|''[[All Star K!]]''
|colspan="2" bgcolor="#FFC0CB" align=center|''[[Ful Haus]]''<small><br />11:00PM>></small>
|rowspan="5" colspan="3" bgcolor="#F4A460" align=center|''[[24 Oras]]''<small><br/><<6:30PM</small>
|rowspan="5" colspan="3" bgcolor="#B0C4DE" align=center|''[[Zorro (Philippine TV series)|Zorro]]''
|rowspan="5" colspan="3" bgcolor="#B0C4DE" align=center|''[[Totoy Bato]]''
|rowspan="5" colspan="3" bgcolor="#B0C4DE" align=center|''[[Adik Sa'Yo]]''
|rowspan="5" colspan="2" bgcolor="#B0C4DE" align=center|[[One Liter of Tears]]<br/>10:45PM>>
|colspan="4" bgcolor="#FFDAB9" align=center|''[[Are You the Next Big Star?]]''
|colspan="4" bgcolor="#FFC0CB" align=center|''[[Bitoy's Funniest Videos]]''
|colspan="4" bgcolor="#F4A460" align=center|''[[Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho]]''
|colspan="2" bgcolor="#F4A460" align=center|''[[Imbestigador]]''<small><br/>11:00PM>></small>
{| class="wikitable" border="1" cellpadding="2" style="font-size: 90%;"
|bgcolor="#FFC0CB"|Comedies||bgcolor="#B0C4DE"|Dramas||bgcolor="#FFDAB9"|Game/reality/variety shows||bgcolor="#F08080"|Fantasy||bgcolor="#98FB98"|Movie block||bgcolor="#F4A460"|News, talk and infotainment||'''Canned'''
'''GMA Telebabad''' is followed by '''Bilibkaba Nights''' on Mondays to Wednesdays, '''SRO Cinemaserye''' on Thursdays and ''[[Bubble Gang]]'' on [[Fridays]].
=== Transmission Hours ===
* Monday-Friday: 4:30am-3:15am
* Saturday: 5:00am-3:00am
* Sunday: 5:00am-2:00am
== Branding of the GMA Network ==
=== Evolution of GMA Network logos ===
GMA Network has used a number of logos throughout its history especially when the station was acquired by Gozon, Jimenez and Duavit in the 1970s. In the 1980s, the network first used it slogan, ''"Where You Belong"'', which it would use for two decades. For the first time in 1989, the network identified itself as the "Rainbow Network," after the colors of the rainbow. Throughout the 1990s, the network refined the logo before having it replaced by the its current logo in 2002. After a huge marketing campaign, and improved ratings, the new logo is now one of the most recognizable in the country.
{{main|GMA Network Logos}}
=== Slogans ===
[[File:gma logo 1986.png|150px|right|]]
{{Main|List of GMA Network Slogans}}
=== GMA Network slogan theme songs ===
{{main|GMA Network Station ID}}
*''Where You Belong'' (GMA's slogan from [[1979]] to [[2002]])
*''Kapuso ng Pamilyang Pilipino, Anumang Kulay ng Buhay'' by [[Regine Velasquez]] (1st version) and The Company {{Fact|date=December 2007}} (2nd version) (GMA's theme song released in 2002)
*''Very Very Happy Anniversary'' by [[Michael V]] (GMA's 53rd Anniversary in 2003)
*''GMA All-Out Blowout'' by [[Jay-R]] and [[Kyla]] (GMA's slogan released in [[2003]])
*''Kapuso, Kayo Ang Star Ng Aming Pasko'' by Ces Datu (Christmas 2003)
*''Pasko ng Kapuso'' by [[Jolina Magdangal]] (for Christmas 2004)
*''Ang Sarap ng Paskong Kapuso! (Busog sa Saya, Busog sa Biyaya)'' by Brenan Espartinez and [[Aicelle Santos]] (GMA's Christmas theme song in 2006)
*''Sumamer Ka Na!'' by [[SOP Rules|SOP Performers]] (released March 2007)
*''Kapuso ng Bawat Pilipino'' by all-star cast (GMA's theme song released in 2007)
*''Regalo ng Kapuso'' by [[Jolina Magdangal]] (GMA's Christmas theme song in 2007)
*''Umiinit ang Samahang Kapuso'' by [[Regine Velasquez]], [[Ogie Alcasid]], [[Janno Gibbs]] and [[Jaya]]
*''Kapuso ng Batang Pilipino Ngayong Pasko'' by Julie Ann San Jose (GMA's Christmas theme song in 2008)
*''Kapuso na Kita'' by [[Jolina Magdangal]] (GMA's Valentine theme Song in 2009)
*''Sabay-Sabay Tayo!'' by [[Marian Rivera]] (Marian's Hit Single and GMA's Summer theme song for 2009)
== Program production ==
=== GMA Network Center ===
{{main|GMA Network Center}}
[[File:GMA-Network-Center.jpg|thumb|right|200px|The GMA Network Center from the ground up]]
GMA inaugurated its new GMA Network Center facility on June 14, 2000 as part of the kick-off of the year-round celebration of its 50th anniversary. The GMA Network Center supports GMA's thrusts towards digitalization and media convergence. While the first phase of the project has already been completed with the construction of the 17-story high-rise, the center has an option to upgrade the older, existing facilities in the GMA compound, as originally planned. The network center is equipped with MARC (Multiple Automated Recorder Cassette) and a [[Broadcast automation|Broadcast Automation System]] that allows the network to manage live feeds and international feeds that will be carried out to GMA Pinoy TV subscribers around the world. The GMA compound has five studios, three of which are in the new network center, and two in the older structures. The Center serves as the Corporate Headquarters for the network and also houses the radio station and the newsroom.
=== GMA Network Studios ===
[[GMA Network]] had to built an 3000 meter newly state-of-the-art studio building beside the old studio.In which it can audience more than 1000 people. GMA Network inaugurated its new state-of-the-art GMA Network Studios on October 17, 2008 with a red carpet event. It has new studios (studio 4 & 5) for the live shows like SOP. The production lights and accessories made from other countries and costs [[Philippine peso|Php]]1 billion. GMA Network Center/Studios is also located at the GMA Network Drive.
=== GMA Broadway Centrum ===
Located in New Manila, Quezon City, the Westside Theater cinema of the Broadway Centrum was converted into a high-end live studio in 1987 to serve as an alternative studio for the network's programs. It was inaugurated to usher in GMA's broadcast in Stereovision. In the 1990s, the Broadway Centrum served as the live studio (with 700 audience capacity) of GMA's variety shows, "[[Lunch Date]]", "[[That's Entertainment (TV series)|That's Entertainment]]", "Vilma!" and "[[GMA Supershow]]". In 1995, the network built a second studio inside Broadway Centrum by renovating the Eastside Theater cinema (renaming it TAPE Studios and can accommodate 400 studio audiences), which is the current home of [[Eat Bulaga!]]. Once one of the most modern broadcast facility in the country, it was later renovated in 2000 when the musical variety show [[SOP (Sobrang Okey Pare)|SOP]] moved to Studio 3 of the [[GMA Network Center]]. In 2003, it accommodated live studio audiences as it served as the live venue of the eliminations of the reality-based talent search ''[[StarStruck (Philippine TV series)|StarStruck]]''.
=== GMA Regional Network Centers ===
*[[GMA Cebu|Cebu]]
*[[GMA Davao|Davao]]
*[[GMA Iloilo|Iloilo]]
*[[GMA Dagupan|Dagupan]]
*[[GMA Naga|Naga]]
=== Transmitter facilities ===
GMA Network spent more than P168 million for the upgrade of its transmitters and other facilities in various key areas in the provinces alone.<ref name="Expansion1">[ ''P168m for GMA-7’s transmission upgrade'']. Manila Standard Today, October 6, 2006.</ref> It plans to augment its existing studio facilities in Cebu, Iloilo and Davao. It will also be putting up TV and radio facilities in Dagupan City to further improve its coverage in the northern part of the country.<ref name="Expansion2">[ ''GMA Network H1 profit P934M, dips a bit on high operating, expansion costs'']., Accessed April 30, 2007.</ref>
The transmitter facilities to be upgraded include those that service Baguio, Dagupan City, La Union, Pangasinan, Tarlac, Nueva Ecija, Batangas, Lipa, Northern Mindoro, Naga, Central Camarines Sur, General Santos, Saranggani, South Cotabato and Davao del Sur. A new one will be put up to enhance coverage of Cagayan de Oro City and Misamis Oriental. Coverage realignment in Bukidnon will also be included.
These upgrades include new transmitting equipment, from transmitters to antenna systems and building/tower rehabilitation/construction. The facilities come complete with the essential support equipment for quality, reliable and continuous broadcast operation. The Network expects completion of these projects within the year. In its disclosure to PSE last January 15,2009, GMA disclosed that it already disbursed almost 1.3 billion pesos from the proceeds of IPO to support various expansion program in the provinces these includes construction of building/Land, tower and transmiter upgrade for Naga (60M pesos), Building and Tower for Legazpi Station (P32,000,000), Tower/building and transmitter upgrade for Gen. Santos (P23,500,000), Davao, Cebu, Guimaras, Bacolod, Iloilo, Batangas, Dagupan, Cagayan de Oro and Benguet station will also strengthen its signal, upgrades its equipment and Tranmitter Tower.
=== Competition ===
Changes were apparent in the programming of the network in 2004. The production of various shows were up to par with its rival network, ABS-CBN. ''[[Extra Challenge]]'' started to lead the game. And with launch of the ''[[telefantasya]]'' ''[[Mulawin]]'', GMA finally gained a rating advantage in Mega Manila over ABS-CBN, officially on September 23, 2004.<ref>{{cite web|url= |title=After withdrawing from KBP, GMA 7 became No. 1! |publisher=Manila Bulletin Online |date=2006-07-21 |accessdate=2008-10-05}}</ref> By the end of the year, GMA was one of the most profitable companies in the country.
In 2005, GMA began broadcast of ''[[Darna (TV series)|Mars Ravelo's Darna]]'', a classic comic book character among Filipinos which became a big hit, with its ratings being the highest ever for a pilot episode of 47.7% and the first telefantasya to hit up to 52.1%, followed by ''[[Encantadia]]'' at 47.2 percent at [[Mega Manila]]. Other primetime telefantasyas like ''[[Mulawin]]'' (2004) and ''[[Sugo]]'' (2005) also maintained the network's lead in its Mega Manila ratings during the year.
In 2006, GMA maintained its primetime ratings re-formatting shows ''[[Extra Challenge]]'' and ''Encantadia'' (which was succeeded by sequels ''[[Etheria]]'' and ''[[Encantadia: Pag-ibig Hanggang Wakas]]''), and by the localized versions of the Korean series, ''[[Stairway to Heaven]]'', ''[[Full House]]'', ''[[Jewel in the Palace]]'' and ''My Name is Kim Sam Soon.''<ref>{{cite web|url= |title=Top Asianovelas since the year 2002 |publisher=Philippine Entertainment Portal |author=Salanga, Elyas Isabelo |date=2008-01-16 |accessdate=2008-10-05}}</ref>
In 2007, GMA started broadcast of [[Mari Mar (TV series)|MariMar]], an original Mexican telenovela turned into Filipino version that became a huge hit, in which the final episode got 52.6%, making it the only soap opera to achieve the highest rating in the network's history.
In a 2006 survey conducted by [[Pulse Asia]], 7 out of 10 Metro Manila-based viewers find GMA Network a more credible network than rival ABS-CBN.<ref>[ Journal Online - Philippine Tabloid featuring news, current events, celebrities, entertainment, local balita, tsismis, and much more<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref> The network managed to lead in the Mega Manila and Southern Luzon demographic, which has the highest television ownership and up to 79% of advertisement spots.<ref>{{cite web |url= |title=ABS-CBN leads GMA 7 in viewership share |date=October 27, 2006 |publisher=The Manila Times |archiveurl= |archivedate=2007-10-24}}</ref> The NUTAM was officially launched last October 16, 2006 to determine the TV ratings and audience share of local TV Programs from the different urban areas in the Philippines. This changes the television landscape and the manner in which the advertisers will allocate their TV investments to achieve cost efficiency and maximize each. With this larger geographical measurement coverage, a greater level of accountability and confidence in television as a primary advertising medium is achieved.
As of August 2007, GMA maintained its lead in Mega Manila TV ratings against rival ABS-CBN for the first half of 2007 citing Mega Manila TV ratings data from AGB-Nielsen GMA (as shown below), which resulted to a 23 percent growth in its consolidated net income to P1.13 billion in the first half of the year from P915 million in the same period last year. <ref>[ GMA Network posts P1.13-B net income in 1st half, up 23%], ''Manila Bulletin'', n.d. Accessed last Aug 16, 2007.</ref>
As a result, GMA continues to have a good run in the stock market. The network's net income grew by 23% year-on-year to P1.126 billion in the first six months of the year. Mega Manila accounts for about 48% of total TV households. The Mega Manila and Luzon markets combined account for about 76% of the total TV households.<ref>[ Stock Market] BW Research</ref> It earned P 2.3 billion in 2007.<ref>[, GMA Network earned P2.3B in 2007, 05/21/2008]</ref>
As the first Month of 2009<ref>[ ]</ref> GMA Network continue to lead the ratings specially in Metro Manila, GMA-7 got the 77% total of audience shares. 15 out of the overall top 20 programs are on GMA from AGB and TNS. and the Overall Channel Audience Shares based on AGB, 12 out of 20 programs are on GMA-7.
==== Ratings controversy ====
{{main|AGB Nielsen Philippine TV ratings controversy}}
On December 20, 2007, Judge Charito Gonzales, [[Quezon City]] Regional Trial Court Br. 80 released a [[temporary restraining order]] on TV ratings surveys based on a civil case filed by [[ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation]] versus AGB Nielsen Media Research Philippines. ABS-CBN accused rival GMA Network of funding bribing operations at [[Bacolod City]], to discredit the former.<ref>[, GMA 7 tagged in scandal]</ref><ref>[ Abs-Cbn Interactive, Court issues TRO on AGB Nielsen ratings surveys]{{dead link|date=October 2008}}</ref> The Court further ordered [[ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation]] to file comment on the plea of AGB Nielsen for the alleged gathering and dissemination of television ratings data, within 5 days or until December 22.<ref>[ GMA NEWS.TV, ABS-CBN ordered to comment on AGB's plea]</ref>
On December 21, 2007, DZMM correspondent Junrie Hidalgo reported a news story entitled ''AGB Nielsen, umamin sa dayaan: GMA Network, tahasang itinurong nasa likod ng dayaan'' (AGB Nielsen admits the cheating: GMA Network fiercely accused of being responsible of the cheating) during the program ''Showbiz Mismo'', hosted by [[Cristy Fermin]] and Jobert Sucaldito. The news story is based on an interview of AGB Nielsen's General Manager Maya Reforma regarding the alleged cheating. {{Fact|date=April 2008}}
In response, GMA aired a TV plug condemning the alleged biased reporting and denied the accusations of ABS-CBN. They later filed a [[Philippine peso|PHP]]15-million civil libel suit against ABS-CBN on January 3, 2008. The respondents included Hidalgo, Fermin, Sucaldito, the station manager and news manager of DZMM and hosts, writers and executive producers of TV programs [[Bandila (TV program)|Bandila]], [[Entertainment Live]] and [[The Buzz (talk show)|The Buzz]] after the same story was aired on the mentioned programs.<ref>[ GMANews.TV, GMA 7 files P15-M libel suit vs ABS-CBN over ratings issue]</ref>
On January 7, 2008, the Quezon City RTC junked [[ABS-CBN]]'s suit against AGB Nielsen, saying the case was “prematurely filed" before the court.<ref>[ Court junks ABS-CBN's complaint vs AGB-Nielsen]</ref> Judge Charito Gonzales' basis is the principle of mutuality of contracts, citing Article 1308 and 1196, New Civil Code of the Philippines. Also, Judge Samuel Gaerlan, QCRTC, Branch 92 issued court [[summons]] against ABS-CBN and its 15 personnel, in the January 3, 2008 P15-million damage suit by GMA Network.<ref>[ ABS-CBN Interactive, Court junks ABS-CBN lawsuit vs AGB Nielsen]{{dead link|date=October 2008}}</ref>
On January 17, 2008, Judge Gaerlan inhibited himself from the case, considering that he has a cousin working in the legal department of ABS-CBN.<ref>[ Judge in ratings row inhibits self]</ref> The case was later re-raffled on January 28, 2008,<ref>[ Re-raffle of GMA Network case vs ABS-CBN reset to Jan 28]</ref> and the case was eventually assigned to Judge Henri Inting of Branch 95, QCRTC. Judge Inting submitted GMA's petition for a temporary restraining order for decision. {{Fact|date=April 2008}}
On February 14, 2008, Judge Inting issued a TRO barring ABS-CBN from airing defamatory statements against GMA.<ref>[ QC court issues TRO vs ABS-CBN in ratings tussle]</ref>
==== Lawsuit against ABC ====
In December of 2008, GMA Network filed a lawsuit against the [[Associated Broadcasting Company]], charging that MPB Primedia Inc., a company that the network had began agreements with, was a subsidiary of [[Media Prima Berhad]], a Malaysian company. GMA consequently charged that the arrangement was in violation of the [[Constitution of the Philippines|Philippine constitution]], which restricts mass media ownership to Filipino companies.<ref name=bm>{{cite news |author=Honey Madrilejos-Reyes |title=GMA Network Sues ABC-5 |url= |publisher=Business Mirror |date=2008-12-3 |accessdate=2009-1-20 }}</ref> GMA claimed that MPB Primedia Inc. was established to skirt anti-dummy laws.<ref name=bm/> In response, ABC's media relations head Pat Marcelo-Magbanua reiterated that the network was a Filipino company which was self-registered and Filipino-run.<ref>{{cite news |author=Nerisa Almo |title="TV5 Is a Filipino Company," Defends One of Its Executives |url=,-defends-one-of-its-executives |publisher=Philippine Entertainment Portal |date=2009-1-5 |accessdate=2009-1-20 }}</ref>
=== Digitization ===
The Philippines’ commission attached to the [[DOTC|Department of Transportation and Communications]], the [[National Telecommunications Commission (Philippines)|National Telecommunications Commission]] (NTC) ordered<ref>{{cite news| last = Reyes | first = Mary Ann | title=NTC gives TV stations 9 years to convert to digital tech | date=November 11, 2006|| url=|accessdate=2006-11-05}}{{dead link|date=October 2008}}</ref><ref>{{cite news | last = Lectura | first = Lenie | title=Firms may test digital TV up to March—NTC | date=January 10, 2008 | publisher=BusinessMirror | url=|accessdate=2008-01-10}}</ref> all broadcasting companies in the Philippines to shut off their analog signal by 11:59 p.m. on December 31, 2015 and switch to digital broadcast.<ref>{{cite web | last = Amojelar | first = Darwin | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = Regulator orders shift to digital television by 2015 | work = | publisher = The Manila Times | date =November 6, 2006 | url= | archiveurl= | archivedate=2007-10-15 | format = | doi = | accessdate = March 20}}</ref> Consequently, the Philippines will adopt the European standard [[DVB-T]] for terrestrial transmissions<ref>{{cite news| last = Burgos | first = Millette | title=Philippines ready to go digital with DVB-T standard | date=December 15, 2006| publisher=Asia-Pacific Broadcasting | url= |accessdate=2006-12-15}}</ref> to facilitate the country’s transition to digital television, rather than the [[ATSC standards|ATSC]] system implemented by North American broadcasters devised as a replacement for the [[NTSC]] system utilized by North America and the Philippines.
GMA Network is presently applying<ref>{{cite news| last = Lorenzo | first = A.B.L. | title=GMA Network to push through with digital TV | date=June 14, 2008| publisher=BusinessWorld Online | url= | accessdate=2008-06-14}}</ref> for a digital television license from the NTC to install and maintain transmitting stations that will be attuned with and utilize to offer digital terrestrial television and digital mobile TV broadcast services;<ref>{{cite news| last = Olchondra | first = Riza T. | title=GMA Network says it's ready for mobile TV competition | date=October 28, 2007 | publisher=Philippine Daily Inquirer | url= | accessdate=2007-10-28}}</ref> using channel 27 (548-554 MHz) frequency. Areas planned for a temporary digital broadcast will cover the cities of [[Quezon City|Quezon]];<ref>{{cite news| last = Lectura | first = Lenie | title=Firms may test digital TV up to March—NTC | date=January 10, 2008| publisher=BusinessMirror | url= |accessdate=2008-01-10}}</ref> [[Makati]]; [[Pasig]]; [[Tagaytay]]; and [[Angeles City|Angeles]] in [[Pampanga]]; and areas like [[Ortigas]]; [[Cavite]] and [[Calumpit]] in [[Bulacan]].<ref>{{cite news| last = Amojelar | first = Darwin | title=GMA Network eyes digital TV | date=July 7, 2007 | publisher=The Manila Times | url= | accessdate=2007-07-24}}</ref>
CEO [[Felipe Gozon]] announced that GMA will transfer to digital television by [[2011]] or [[2012]]. <ref> [] </ref>
=== GMA On Demand ===
On August 29, 2008, GMA Network announced that it will be launching its Video On Demand Service through MyGMA. According to GMA, "MyGMA will be the medium that will bring its high quality programs to thousands of overseas Filipinos who may not have the circumstance to subscribe to a cable or direct-to-home channel." The said service was launched on September 12, 2008 and "will compete head on" with its rival ABS-CBN's TFC Now.
<ref>[ GMA-Network announced the newest service called MyGMA!], '''', August 29, 2008</ref>
== Sponsors ==
*[[Richwell Trading Corporation]]
*[[Fortune Tobacco Corporation]]
*[[Philip Morris Products, Inc.]]
*[[Japan Tobacco, Inc.]]
*[[British American Tobacco]]
*[[SM Supermalls]]
*[[Directories Philippines Corporation]]
*[[Pagoda Philippines]]
*[[Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company]]
*[[Nestle Philippines]]
*[[Mcdonald's Philippines]]
*[[Procter and Gamble Philippines]]
*[[Touch Mobile]]
*[[Republic Biscuit Corporation]]
*[[Multirich Foods Corp.]]
*[[Suncrest Foods Corp.]]
*[[JBC Foods Corp.]]
*[[Pinnacle Foods Corp.]]
*[[Ako Mismo Movement]]
*[[Pldt-Smart Foundation]]
*[[DDB Cares]]
*[[Southeast Asia Food Inc.]]
*[[Procter And Gamble]]
*[[Pepsi-Cola Bottlers Philippines]]
*[[Smart Communications]]
*[[Forever Flawless]]
*[[Universal Robina Corporation]]
*[[Coca-Cola Bottlers Philippines]]
*[[RFM Corporation]]
*[[AMA Education System]]
*[[United Laboratories]]
*[[M.Y. San Biscuits]]
*[[Monde Nissin Corporation]]
*[[Asia Brewery Incorporated]]
*[[Johnson & Johnson]]
*[[Kimberly-Clark Philippines]]
*[[Mega Publishing Group]]
*[[Summit Media]]
*[[Tanduay Distellers]]
*[[Asian Brewery]]
== Entities and ventures ==
=== Subsidiaries ===
*[[GMA Films|GMA Network Films]] (Formerly Cinemax Pictures)
*GMA Worldwide (Philippines), Inc,
**[[GMA Pinoy TV]]
**[[GMA Life TV]]
*Alta Productions Group
*[[GMA Records]] (Formerly Infinity Music)
*[[GMA Kapuso Foundation]] (Formerly GMA Foundation)
*GMA Marketing and Productions
*[[New Media, Inc.]]
*Scenarios, Inc.
=== Affiliates ===
*APT Productions Inc.
*Aries Vision Productions
*[[DYXX-TV|Asian Pacific Broadcasting Company, Inc.]]
*[[Catholic Media Network|Catholic Welfare Organization]]
*[[CBN Asia|CBN Asia, Inc.]]
*Cotabato Television Corporation
*FOCUS Entertainment Inc.
*Hyper Vision Productions, Inc.
*KB Entertainment Unlimited, Inc.
*Lobo Productions, Inc.
*Loca Productions, Inc.
*[[MTV Philippines]]
*M-Zet Productions, Inc.
*Northern Mindanao Broadcasting System, Inc.
*Rinconada Broadcasting Corporation
*[[Regal Films]]
*RIOT Inc.
*Sarraga Integrating & Management Corporation
*Summit Media Publications
*[[TAPE Inc.|Television and Production Exponents, Inc.]] (TAPE, Inc.)
*[[ZOE Broadcasting Network]]
*[[Korean Broadcasting System]]
*[[Seoul Broadcasting System]]
=== Media ventures ===
*INQ7 Interactive Inc. was a joint online multimedia news and information delivery company of the GMA Network and the [[Philippine Daily Inquirer]]. Text, images, audio, video, and online interactive information tools such as discussion boards, online polls, searchable news databases, and others are made available through the two companies’ joint website, accessible at [] Ranking No. 11 in the 100 Hot’s most-read online newspapers in the world, is owned by the Inquirer and GMA with both companies each owning about half of INQ7. The partnership with Inquirer ended sometime in March 20, 2008 as GMA focused more on their new news website [].
*Philippine Entertainment Portal (PEP), is a joint venture between GMA and Summit Media Publications.
*Kapuso JobMarket is partnership project of GMA, The Philippine Daily Inquirer, INQ7 Interactive Inc. and New Media Inc. The ''Kapuso JobMarket'' aims to provide convenience for job seekers by creating another off-line service that will help them search for employment opportunities using their mobile phones.
*[[Q (television network)|Q]] is a television network of GMA Network in partnership of [[ZOE Broadcasting Network|Zoe Broadcasting Network, Inc.]], owned by [[televangelist]] [[Eddie Villanueva]]. The network airs mostly American dramas and other lifestyle programming.
=== Availability ===
{{main|List of GMA Network affiliate stations}}
=== Divisions ===
*GMA Artist Center
*[[GMA News and Public Affairs]]
*GMA Entertainment Television Group
*GMA Engineering
== See also ==
*[[List of Philippine companies#Media|List of Philippine media companies]]
*[[List of Philippine television networks]]
*[[List of television channels#Television channels with worldwide distribution|Television channels]]
*[[Q (television network)|Q]]
== References ==
== External links ==
* [ Official Website]
* [ Corporate Website]
* [ GMA Internet TV Website]
* [ GMA Life TV Website]
* [ GMA Pinoy TV Website]
* [ GMA News Official Website]
* [ GMA Records Website]
{{Networks in the Philippines}}

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