Sasao a Kam–Tai

pamilia ti pagsasao

Ti sasao a Kam–Tai, matawtawagan pay iti Dong–Tai (Insik: 侗台语支) wenno Zhuang–Dong (Insik: 壮侗语族) iti Tsina, ket dagiti naisingasing a kangrunaan a sanga ti pamilia ti pagsasao a Kra–Dai. Ti pannakaigrupo a Kam–Tai ket kangrunaan a maus-usar it Tsina, a mairaman ti lingguista a da Liang & Zhang (1996).

Kam–Tai
Dong–Tai
Zhuang-Dong
Heograpiko a
pannakaiwarwaras
Akin-abagatan a Tsina, Abagatan a daya nga Asia, Hainan
Lingguistika a pannakaidasigKra–Dai
  • Kam–Tai
Pannakabingbingay
Glottologkamt1241[1]

Agkukuyog nga idasig da Liang & Zhang (1996) ti Kam–Sui, Be, ken Tai a kas ti sanga a Dong-Tai 侗台, gapu it ad-adu a bilang dagiti leksiko a banag a pagbibingayan babaen dagiti amin a tallo a sanga a mainaig iti ad-adu nga agdumaduma a sangsanga ti Kra (Insik: Geyang 仡央) ken Hlai (Insik: Li). Isingasing pay da Liang & Zhang (1996) ti maysa a rekonstruksion ti Proto-Kam–Tai.

Ti maysa a grupo ti Kam–Tai a buklen ti Kam–Sui ken Tai ket awaten babaen da Edmondson & Solnit (1988).[2][3] Hansell (1988)[4] ket ikeddengda ti Be a maysa a kabsat a sanga ti Tai a naibatay iti nagbingayan a bokabulario, ken mangisingasing iti maysa pannakaigrupo a Be–Tai iti kaunegan ti Kam–Tai.

Nupay kasta, ti panagsurot iti Ostapirat (2005),[5] dagitieskolar iti ruar ti Tsina ket kadawyanda itan a saan nga agus-usar iti pannakaigrupo a Kam–Tai.

PakasaritaanUrnosen

Karkulen ti Liang & Zhang (1996:18)[6] a dagiti sanga ti Kam-Sui, Tai, ken Hlai ket napormadan idi agarup a 5,000 tawtawen B.P.

RekonstruksionUrnosen

Nakonstrukto manen ti Proto-Kam-Tai babaen da Liang & Zhang (1996), a nagala iti datos manipud kadagiti sanga ti Tai, Kam-Sui, Be, Lakkia, Biao, ken Hlai ngem saan nga iti sanga ti Kra. Mangipreseta iti maysa a rekonstruksionni Wu (2002) iti Proto-Kra-Dai, a naibatay kadagiti datos manipud kadagiti sanga ti Tai, Kam-Sui, Hlai, ken Kra.[7]

Dagiti nagibasaranUrnosen

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, dagiti ed. (2017). "Kam–Tai". Glottolog 3.0 (iti Ingles). Jena, Alemania: Instituto para iti Ebolusionario nga Antropolohia ni Max Planck.
  2. ^ Edmondson, Jerold A. and David B. Solnit, editors. 1988. Comparative Kadai: Linguistic studies beyond Tai. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics, 86. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington. vii, 374 p.
  3. ^ Edmondson, Jerold A. and David B. Solnit, editors. 1997. Comparative Kadai: the Tai branch. Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics, 124. Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and the University of Texas at Arlington. vi, 382 p.
  4. ^ Hansell, Mark. 1988. The Relation of Be to Tai: Evidence from Tones and Initials. In Comparative Kadai: Linguistic studies beyond Tai. Edited by Jerold A. Edmondson and David B. Solnit. Summer Institute of Linguistics and The University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics No. 86: 239-288.
  5. ^ Ostapirat, Weera. (2005). "Kra–Dai and Austronesian: Notes on phonological correspondences and vocabulary distribution", pp. 107–131 in Sagart, Laurent, Blench, Roger & Sanchez-Mazas, Alicia (eds.), The Peopling of East Asia: Putting Together Archaeology, Linguistics and Genetics. London/New York: Routledge-Curzon.
  6. ^ Liang Min 梁敏 & Zhang Junru 张均如. 1996. Dongtai yuzu gailun 侗台语族概论 / An introduction to the Kam–Tai languages. Beijing: China Social Sciences Academy Press 中国社会科学出版社. ISBN 9787500416814
  7. ^ Wu, Anqi 吴安其. 2002. Hanzangyu tongyuan yanjiu 汉藏语同源研究. Beijing: Minzu University Press 中央民族大学出版社. ISBN 7-81056-611-3 [This book contains Wu's reconstructions of Proto-Sino-Tibetan, Proto-Tibeto-Burman, Proto-Hmong-Mien, and Proto-Kra-Dai.]
  • Edmondson, J. A., & Solnit, D. B. (eds.) (1988). Comparative Kadai: linguistic studies beyond Tai. Summer Institute of Linguistics publications in linguistics, no. 86. Arlington, TX: Summer Institute of Linguistics. ISBN 0-88312-066-6
  • Liang Min 梁敏 & Zhang Junru 张均如. 1996. Dongtai yuzu gailun 侗台语族概论 / An introduction to the Kam–Tai languages. Beijing: China Social Sciences Academy Press 中国社会科学出版社. ISBN 9787500416814
  • Ni Dabai 倪大白. 1990. Dongtai yu gailun 侗台语概论 / An introduction to the Kam-Tai languages. Beijing: Central Nationalities Research Institute Press 中央民族学院出版社.